Statements

Call to actions towards lasting peace

Recommendations on women’s inclusion in the Yemeni peace process and beyond

Recommendations on women’s inclusion in the Yemeni peace process and beyond

Recommendations on women’s inclusion in the Yemeni peace process and beyond

April 11, 2019

Cairo

1) Increasing women’s meaningful participation in the peace process

 To the conflict parties:

  • Commit to continue the peace talks and pressure all involved factions and parties to end the war, expedite the implementation of the Stockholm agreement, lift the siege, and to open crossings and Sana'a Airport.
  • Adhere to the NDC outcomes, including women’ representation in the negotiations, in the transitional period and in broader political decision-making processes.

To Yemeni women’s groups and networks:

  • Coordinate and seek common ground for concrete actions, at both national and international level, for stopping the war and achieving sustainable peace in Yemen.
  • Engage in dialogue with the conflict parties to identify areas of mutual interest and possible resolutions to the conflict.
  • Develop a roadmap to strengthen the various roles women can play to build peace at different levels; and consolidate networks for its implementation.
  • Advocate for 30 percent representation of women in all mediation and peacebuilding efforts, in line with the NDC outcomes.
  • Develop a shared strategy to advance the above, accompanied by an advocacy plan including both traditional and innovative advocacy methods, and by strengthening of alliances and coalitions between women mediators and peacebuilding networks.
  • Establish a coordination committee for women’s peacebuilding networks and organizations, including a working group to develop an advocacy plan.
  • Write joint letters to the UN Special Envoy to encourage 50 percent representation of women in experts’ committees and advisory bodies.
  • Compile a database of women with expertise in political, security and military issues who can provide technical support in peace and stability efforts.
  • Develop a detailed directory of all Yemeni women organizations and companies working in peacemaking, in Yemen home and abroad.

To the UN Special Envoy:

  • Put pressure on the conflict parties to ensure at least 30% women’s representation in their delegations to the negotiations or related consultations; consistent with the NDC outcomes.
  • Ensure 50 percent representation of women in all bodies formed by the UN Special Envoy, such as Advisory Bodies and Technical Committees, and consider creating a third table for women in the peace negotiations.
  • Commit to allocate 15 percent of all peacebuilding funds to support the work of women’s groups and organizations in the peace process.

To the International Community:

  • Put pressure on both sides of the conflict to include women in all committees emanating from the political agreement; including preparatory committees, ceasefire monitoring committees, disarmament committees, committees for the opening of roads and crossings.
  • Support strategies and mechanisms for women to foster political partnerships with key influential decision-makers.
  • Provide financial and technical support for the development and implementation of a training plan to increase the capacity of women in mediation, negotiation and peacebuilding.
  • Put pressure on both parties to the conflict to abide by the NDC outcomes with regard to the women representation of at least 30 percent. (NB: It was suggested that this should include 50 percent of southerners, there was however no consensus on this in the group).
  • Support the development and implementation of a National Action Plan for UNSCR 1325 Women, Peace and Security for Yemen.

2) Strengthening women’s inclusion and ensuring a gender-sensitive peace agreement

To the conflict parties:

  • Abide by all relevant conventions ratified by Yemen, such as the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), particularly its General Recommendation no. 30 on women in conflict prevention, conflict and postconflict situations; and Goals 5 and 16 of the 2030 Development Agenda.
  • Adhere to the NDC outcomes, the GCC agreement and the UNSCR 2216.
  • Endorse the role of the Women’s Technical Advisory Group and women’s inclusion in the peace process to ensure a more sustainable peace agreement.

To Yemeni women’s groups and networks:

  • Provide suggested language for a gender perspective in the final peace agreement, and advocate for its incorporation.
  • Provide assistance to the Women’s Technical Advisory Group, and to any technical subcommittees established, as needed.
  • Develop joint proposals to the international community, UN and conflict parties on gender-sensitive language and solutions to the conflict, which can be incorporated in the negotiations and eventual peace agreement.

To the UN Special Envoy:

  • Ensure gender mainstreaming of the eventual peace agreement, in accordance with UNSC Resolution 1325; and put pressure on the parties to abide by relevant international conventions.
  • Support the Women’s Technical Advisory Group to become more inclusive and representative, either through expanded or rotational membership. This will also allow the Women’s Technical Advisory Group to become a more effective support mechanism for the Special Envoy. Create technical sub-committees to support the Women’s Technical Advisory Group on issues raised in the negotiations.

To the International Community:

  • Put pressure on the conflict parties to work towards a gender-sensitive peace agreement; and to abide by international commitments including but not limited to CEDAW, UNSCR 1325 and subsequent resolutions.
  • Collaborate with OSESGY to provide further clarity among Yemeni citizens on the role and mandate of the Women’s Technical Advisory Group, and provide support to the Group to carry out its roles and responsibilities.

3) Enhancing women’s contribution to peace and dialogue initiatives at the local level

To Yemeni women’s groups and network:

  • Unite efforts and voices to stop the war. Empower and train women to act as mediators between conflict parties.
  • Set up local-level committees to document the impacts and damages of war and the reconstruction needs; and integrate women in development and reconstruction programs at the local level.
  • Organize dialogues with local communities and step up local conflict resolution efforts.

To the International Community:

  • Channel financial and technical support to the OSESGY and track II partners to strengthen the peace process and empowerment of Yemeni women therein.
  • Support capacity-building of women in conflict resolution and mediation, and empower their role in local mediation efforts.

4) Increasing women’s political participation and access to decision-making positions at all levels

To National Decision-makers:

  • Encourage women’s participation in local councils, and work for the implementation of the NDC outcomes including the 30 percent quota system.
  • Revive and strengthen the role of the Supreme Council for Women and the Women National Committee in all governorates to advance women’s empowerment and safeguarding women’s fundamental human rights, and to support the work of women’s non-governmental initiatives, groups and organizations.
  • Establish a coordination mechanism between the branches of the Women National Committee across governorates.
  • Promote equal rights and enforce compulsory education for women and men.
  • Grant confidence and support women to access decision-making positions.

To Yemeni women’s groups and networks:

  • Engage with, and garner support from, tribal elders, religious clerics and political leaders towards women’s education and inclusion at all levels of government.
  • Work collectively to build appropriate capacities for ensuring women’s equal access to decision-making positions in the state apparatus.
  • Promote local initiatives and organize dialogues between women and political party leaders.
  • Form monitoring groups, comprising representatives of political parties, initiatives, and organizations, to map and monitor the extent to which political parties are committed to women’s representation in their structures.
  • Collaborate with the National Women Commission; and coordinate with the Ministry for the Implementation of the NDC Outcomes to raise awareness of decision-makers on NDC outcomes.

To the UN Special Envoy:

  • In any agreement emanating from the peace process, encourage the 30 percent quota system in political parties to ensure that women’s representation reaches the level set out in national and international commitments.
  • Ensure constant reference to the UNSC Resolution 1325 in all discussions, and put pressure on parties to the conflict and their supporters to implement international resolutions on women's political participation.

To the International Community:

  • Provide financial and technical support to awareness-raising and capacity-building programs to increase women’s ability to contribute constructively through political party structures, including but not limited to leadership skills, political campaigning, speech writing and alike.
  • Encourage decision makers in government and local authorities to apply a quota system of at least 30% for women’s representation.
  • Provide financial and technical support to the reactivation and strengthening of the Supreme Council for Women and the Women’s National Committee, their activities and programs.
  • Support the development of programs that promote women’s education and community awareness on the importance of girls’ education.
Convening of Parliament in Sayuon: A strategic step towards sustainable peace

Convening of Parliament in Sayuon: A strategic step towards sustainable peace

Convening of Parliament in Sayuon: A strategic step towards sustainable peace

April 13, 2019

Women4Yemen Network

The convening of Parliament today in the city of Sayuon is a positive and strategic step towards strengthening the State of Yemen. The conflict in Yemen has been, directly and indirectly, impacted by weak political or non-existent state agencies. The establishment of a governance structure is a necessary precondition to building a sustainable peace. We welcome this move to towards building federalism in Yemen.

It is women who are most harmed by the absence of the state and the violence perpetrated by armed groups. The Women4Yemen Network welcomes the convening of Parliament, outside the central geographical area that Yemen has been accustomed to, as a positive step towards both federalism and decentralization.

We hope that this initial step will lead to the State of Yemen being able to exercise its functions fully and effectively from within Yemen. We call on the international community support this Parliament and to strengthen the Yemeni government's action in accordance with already agreed-to references in The Gulf Initiative, the Yemeni National Dialogue Outcomes, United Nations Security Council Resolution 2216, and other relevant national and international agreements.

Arbitrary arrest and detention of Yemeni Women jeopardizes gender equality and peace; threatens Stockholm Agreement

Arbitrary arrest and detention of Yemeni Women jeopardizes gender equality and peace; threatens Stockholm Agreement

Arbitrary arrest and detention of Yemeni Women jeopardizes gender equality and peace; threatens Stockholm Agreement  

February 5, 2019

Women4Yemen Network

The arbitrary detention and disappearance of Awfa Al Naami by the Ansar Allah Movement (known as Houthi) on January 28 is a disturbing act that will have a negagtive impact on gender equality and peace in Yemen.

Awfa Al Naami, the Acting Country Director of Yemen’s Saferworld International, and her colleague Hassan Al-Qawtari, the director of the organization's programs, were detained at the same time, although Al-Qawtari has since been released. Awfa Al Naami’s whereabouts remain unknown.

According to Women Solidarity Network and other local reports, Awfa Al Naami and Hassan Al-Qawtari were taken to an unknown location after being asked to meet with the Houthi National Security.  It has also been reported that the Houthi broke into the Saferworld's office in Sana'a and confiscated computers and documents.

This is just the most recent incident of targeting of Yemeni women activists as local reports of kidnappings and disappearances of both civilian women and women activists are coming to light even in the midst of a media blackout.

The arrest and abduction of women in Yemen represents a grave threat to Yemeni society as this kind of targeted violence is contrary to social and tribal norms.

According to the Women4Yemen Network the arbitrary detention of women activists further marginalizes Yemeni women and limits their participation in the Yemeni peace process.

Women in Yemen have been working for gender justice and equality in an environment where social and tribal norms give space and voice predominantly to men. With the threat of detention and violence, women now face personal safety concerns.

These arrests are clearly aimed at intimidating women discouraging them from working for peace and gender equality.  And its impact is not only being felt today - with the real safety concerns for women activists - but this is a strategy to weaken future progress towards gender equality and peace in Yemen.

The arrests and detentions, also, negatively affect the recent progress made towards peace last December with the Stockholm agreement. The arrests and detentions contravene hard-won agreements with respect to the treatment of detainees.

Women4Yemen Network calls for:

  • The immediate release of Awfa Al Naami by the Ansar Allah Movement (Houthi) and an end to the arbitrary arrest and detention of women activists.
  • An international commission of inquiry to investigate the violations against women and to bring the perpetrators to justice.
  • International organizations and agencies to ensure the protection of and provide support to local staff working in Yemen.
  • The international community to pressure the Ansar Allah to abide by the Stockholm agreement for detainees and to stop their campaign of arbitrary arrest and detention of women civilians and activists.
US Travel Ban Traumatizes Yemeni Women

US Travel Ban Traumatizes Yemeni Women

US Travel Ban Traumatizes Yemeni Women 

Living in limbo – Women unable to send children to school, support families or integrate into new communities.

Women4Yemen Network

February 1, 2019

The case of Shaima al-Sweileh, the Yemeni mother denied entry into the United States as part of President Donald Trump’s Travel Ban, illustrates the damage that the travel ban is inflicting on Yemeni women seeking to rejoin their families in the US. Al-Sweileh had to wait months for a visa so that she could travel to the US to say goodbye to her dying two-year old son who was in hospital in California. The travel ban had left her stranded in Egypt and she was allowed entry to the US only after public outcry mounted and an exceptional visa was issued.

Yemen is one of the seven, mostly Muslim countries, whose citizens are excluded from entering the US under the ban invoked in 2017.

Yemeni women and their families, fleeing the 4-year war in Yemen, face the prospect of living in limbo for years as they await visas to the United States. Women4Yemen Network contacted a number of women trapped in Jordan, Djibouti, Egypt, and Malaysia to hear their stories.

“Shaima’s is only one story. Other Yemeni women experience the same suffering because of Trump’s decision,” said one interviewee in Djibouti. “Shaima’s suffering was heard, while ours is not.”

The enhanced screening and vetting required by the Travel Ban only serves to complicate and all but grind to a halt the chronically-slow US visa application process. Yemenis were already navigating a system where: 

  • The US embassy in Yemen is closed and visa applications are only being processed through US embassies hosted in neighbouring countries. Yemenis seeking US visas must travel to these neighbouring countries in order to apply.
  • The US application process is complicated and prolonged. The US Travel Ban makes it even worse. It can take up to four years for visas to be processed.
  • Yemenis, in general, have a difficult time obtaining visas for entry to the neighbouring countries. Few countries (Djibouti, Egypt, Jordan and Malaysia) allow Yemenis to enter.
  • The few countries that do accept Yemenis are often inhospitable, have difficult temporary resident visa requirements and often only issue six-month, short-term resident visas. Since the beginning of 2018, for example, Malaysia has only offered Yemenis six-month visas, after which the Yemeni’s must leave Malaysia and seek re-entry in order to continue processing their US visa application at the US embassy in Malaysia.
  • Only one airline flies in and out of Yemen. Booking a flight to the hosting country can take up to one month, but is necessary given that only temporary visas are only being issued.
  • The US grants some family members visas, while others are forced to wait. This fractures families and causes undue stress—particularly for those left behind, most often women and children.

For the women living in neighouring countries, while applying for a US visa, the challenges are many and daunting. They include:  

Stress:

Yemini Women face the stress of being left alone to care for their families in foreign countries. They are under immense pressure to economically provide for their family, care for their children, secure healthcare, and all the while dealing with the host country and US visa procedures as they strive to re-unite their families.

Separation:

Families are often separated because some members receive a visa, while others are left to wait. It is usually the women who remain with family members who have yet to get their visas. The interviewees revealed that the separations have resulted in psychological trauma for the children and poor school performance.

Impact on education and health:

Children often do not go to school or, if they do, they attend sporadically. The short-term resident visa restrictions mean that children must be pulled out of school frequently in order to leave the host country upon expiry of the visa. And children with US citizenship, staying with their mothers until the mothers are granted US visas, are only permitted to attend private schools in the host countries.  The school fees, however, are prohibitively expensive and many children are forced to drop out.

Accessing to health care is also difficult. The temporary nature of the visas means that health insurance is not available and most health services are too expensive for the Yemeni families to access.

Difficult economic situations:

Waiting for a visa while living in a host country for an unknown period is very expensive. Return flights to Yemen, required when the temporary visa expires, are expensive. Due to the temporary nature of the short-term resident visa, employment is difficult, if not impossible to find. Many families are forced to sell their all their possessions in order to afford to even apply for a US visa in a neighbouring country.

Integration issues:

The very nature of the lives of migrant Yemeni women makes their situation highly unstable. The Yemenis are entering the host countries on temporary visas and not as refugees. Therefore, they are not being afforded any of the services associated with seeking asylum. Yemeni women are preoccupied with caring for children and supporting their family and have a hard time integrating and adapting to their new, temporary home. And many do not have permanent homes or even rudimentary shelters.

“There are hundreds of families of Yemeni who are not asylum seekers living in Djibouti, Egypt, Malaysia, and Jordan. They are simply stuck,” says Ibrahim al-Qatabi, a Yemeni-American activist who works to support Yemeni communities affected by the Travel Ban. “I’ve seen women sleeping on roofs of houses with no food.”

The Women4Yemen Network is calling for:

  • The US government to streamline the application process and lift the travel ban. Yemen is currently the world’s worst humanitarian crisis with millions of people at risk of starvation; the US should fast-track visa applications for Yemeni women and their families.
  • The Yemeni government to help women who are living in the host countries while applying for US visas. The Yemeni government should work with the host counties to provide assistance in accordance with conventions and treaties concerning women and children. The Yemeni government should work with the US government to lift the ban.
  • Host governments to amend their visa requirements, provide humanitarian assistance to Yemeni women and their families, and help facilitate visa applications to the US.
  • Civil society organizations and international agencies based in host countries to provide humanitarian assistance to the Yemeni women affected by the ban.

Already coping with the trauma of the war, dealing with the stress of caring for their families and facing an uncertain future, the travel ban has made Yemeni women more vulnerable.

“The problem with the Yemeni women affected by the travel ban is that they are neither treated as possible American citizens, nor as refugees coming from a war zone country seeking temporary refuge," says Kawkab al-Thaibani, the Executive Director of Women4Yemen Network. “They need immediate assistance and the Travel Ban must be lifted. A life cannot be lived in limbo. The stories of Yemeni women must no longer be overlooked.”

Contributors
Kawkab al-Thaibani - Main researcher
Wadha Abdo  - Main researcher
Widad al-Halik - Legal Advisor
Patricia Leidl-  Content contributor
Stephanie Sinclair—Photos courtesy

 

WOMEN FOR YEMEN NETWORK: JOINT STATEMENT IN ADVANCE OF THE YEMENI PEACE TALKS IN SWEDEN

WOMEN FOR YEMEN NETWORK: JOINT STATEMENT IN ADVANCE OF THE YEMENI PEACE TALKS IN SWEDEN

WOMEN FOR YEMEN NETWORK: JOINT STATEMENT IN ADVANCE OF THE YEMENI PEACE TALKS IN SWEDEN

After four years of devastating war, the people of Yemen demand peace. It is women who are the most-affected by the war and their voices need to be heard in the peace negotiations.

Women4Yemen Network

November 30, 2018

We, as the Women for Yemen Network, call for women to be represented in peace talks, starting with the upcoming meeting in Sweden this December. We call on the international community to put pressure on all parties to the conflict in Yemen to ensure that women are present at the peace talks. When women’s voices are included, a more lasting peace is secured. Many issues, essential to building a lasting peace, are being neglected in the current peace negotiations. When women are present at the peace table, they ensure that the lived experiences of women and their communities are reflected in the final peace agreement. No true peace will happen without addressing the following issues:

Women’s role in the peace process:

• Ensure that women are present in the peace process. United Nations Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security calls for an increase in the participation of women in all decision-making, including in peace processes. In establishing peace in Yemen, as per the National Dialogue Conference of Yemen, women should comprise least with 30 percent of negotiators at the peace table.

• Support, financially and politically, for women-led initiatives and organizations working on peace for Yemen at the grassroots level and in the diaspora.

Restoring normalcy in Yemen:

• Institute an immediate ceasefire.

• End the Saudi and UAE-led land, air and maritime blockade on Yemen.

• Ensure that humanitarian aid reaches the conflict-affected areas and that international aid focuses on income generation for families and communities.

• Release all illegally-detained persons and abductees held by all parties to the conflict.

• End the three-year, Houthi-imposed siege of Taiz.

Landmines:

• Start the demining process and ensure that there is a clear map of where the landmines are located.

Child soldiers:

• Release, immediately, all children enlisted in military operations and ensure that their physical and psychological needs are met.

Transitional Justice:

• Ensure that the principle of transitional justice is adhered to and that compensation is provided for as a prerequisite to sustainable peace.

We are a network of women’s human rights defenders and journalists working for a women’s–centred approach to building a sustainable peace in Yemen.

 

Issued by Women for Yemen Network on November 30, 2018 Istanbul, Turkey

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